Pantanal Conservation area of Cuiaba is recognized as world heritage site in Brazil. If you are a tourist and want to visit this place, then you should have some clear ideas on it. The name “Pantanal” comes from the Portuguese word pântano which means wetland, marsh, quagmire, swamp or bog. The Pantanal is one of the largest tropical wetland areas in this world.
Location of Pantanal
It is located mostly within the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul and Mato Grosso. This is the part of western Brazil. Some parts of it is extended to Paraguay and Bolivia. It is situated along the northernmost part of the Paraguay River and its tributaries.
Area of Pantanal
Various research and studies have been done on Pantanal. So, the variety in size is reflected. Yet, we can say that it’s estimated area at between 140,000 and 195,000 square kilometres.
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Characteristics of Pantanal
1. During the period of rainy season, about 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged.
2. The Pantanal area nurtures an astonishing biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants
3. It is helping to support a dense array of many animal species.
The Pantanal region is home to various kinds of species. Have a look:
1. 1000 species of bird
2. 400 species of fish
3. 300 species of mammal
4. 480 species of reptile
5. Different subspecies of 9000 invertebrates
This account speaks the importance of Pantanal.
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The rare animals of Pantanal
There are some rare and endangered animals seen in Pantanal region. A few of these are given below:
Huge river otter
Crowned lonely eagle
Tapir of South America
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Mammals of Pantanal
One of the healthiest and largest Jaguar populations is seen in Pantanal. It is the perfect home for this animal. World’s largest rodent Capybara is found here. It is a dog sized guinea pig with the blunt snout. Capuchin and Howler Monkeys are regular seen and heard animals. Coatis and Armadillos are common animals of this area. But you will be very much lucky if you become able to see the elusive Jaguar and Puma.
You will be surprised knowing that the Pantanal is home to ecosystem to 3500 known plant species. It includes moist tropical Amazonian rainforest plants. The vegetation of the Pantanal is a mixture of plant communities typical of a variety of surrounding biome regions. For this reason, it often referred to as the “Pantanal complex”.
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Some activities in the Pantanal
There are some human activities done in the Pantanal are:
1. Commercial fishing
2. National and international sport fishing
These kinds of activities are threatening the ecosystems of Pantanal.
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The authority has created some especial protected areas in Pantanal region. These are:
A. Pantanal Matogrossense National Park
It is a protected part of Pantanal region. It is the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park. It has earned the designation of Ramsar Site on 24th May of 1993.
B. SESC Pantanal Private Natural Heritage Reserve
This is a privately owned conservation area. Brazil. It is a combination of many things. Have a look:
1. Rivers (Permanent)
2. Streams (Seasonal)
3. Permanent floodplain freshwater lakes (seasonal lakes are also seen)
4. Wetlands (Shrub-dominated)
5. Flooded forests (seasonally)
These are playing vital role to preserve nature. It has also been designated as one of Ramsar Sites.
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Pantanal Conservation Area is a vast natural paradise. It is a major ecological attraction of Brazil. A rich diversity of wildlife is seen here. The whole thing has made the Pantanal favorite travel destination for the naturalists. In fact, this is a dream tourist attraction for nature-lovers of this world.