Things to Know before Visiting Brazil

Brazil is one of the top travel destinations of this world. It has been fascinating a huge number of tourists every year. You should know some useful information before visiting Brazil whether you are a conventional traveler or not. It is very much necessary to discover Brazil.  These information will be helpful to make your tour smooth in Brazil.
Customs and Immigration
Foreign passport holders must retain the immigration form they fill in on arrival until departure. Fines may be applied for loss of the form. Before landing it is mandatory to fill in the Accompanied Baggage Declaration Form. Other details may be obtained at your nearest Consulate General of Brazil. 
Visas and Documents
Certain countries need visas, passports must be valid for at least six months and a return ticket and proof of sufficient funds may be requested on arrival. Visitors will be admitted for a stay of up to 90 days which can be extended, at the discretion of the Federal Police (Immigration Authority), for a further 90 days. Visitors are not permitted to work in Brazil. Visitors with business or work interests will need visas. For more details consult your nearest Consulate General of Brazil.

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Health
Brazil has an excellent network of private hospitals in the major metropolitan centers. Private medical care can be expensive, so it is advisable that all visitors take out medical insurance. The Brazilian Single Health System, public health service, can be used by foreigners in an emergency. Travel medical advice is available from Brazilian Consulate websites. Please note that a valid international certificate of vaccination against yellow fever is compulsory for travelers who, within the three months prior to their arrival in Brazil, have visited or been in transit through some countries in Africa, Central America, the Caribbean and South America.
Electric Current
The electric current is in general 110 and 127 volts (60 cycles) in most cities in Brazil. Many places use both currents 110/127 and 220 volts and there is usually an indication of voltage.
Note also that some cities, e.g. Brasília, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Recife, Natal and others use 220 volts.  Most electric/electronic appliances in Brazil use a two round pin socket. Adapters are usually available at hotels.
Safety and Security
Brazil is a politically stable democracy with no ethnic, religious or cultural conflicts, without any natural enemies or terrorist activities. Tourists have to take the same precautions that are required in London, Paris, New York or elsewhere when travelling in large cities in Brazil.
Emergency Numbers
Police: 190
Firefighters and medical emergencies: 193
Duty Free Goods
There are limits on how much you can bring as duty free. Anything over the quota will be charged at 50% of the receipt. Travelers may also purchase goods to the value of US$ 500 worth, including drink and tobacco at the international airports on arrival.
Things to know before visiting Brazil
Smoking
Brazil has adopted the smoke-free law for all workplace and public spaces. There are specifically designated smoking areas, which some of the states have also banned. Fines are applied for those that do not abide by the law.
Time Zones
There are three time zones in Brazil, but most of the country follows the standard time zone of the capital, Brasília, three hours behind GMT.
Weather
There are five climatic regions in Brazil: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical and subtropical. São Paulo, Brasília and Belo Horizonte have milder climates averaging 19°C (66°F) whilst Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Natal and Salvador have an average temperature of around 26°C (80°F) that go up to high 30s or low 40s (over 100°F) during the summer months. Porto Alegre and Curitiba have subtropical climate with hot summers and cold winters with frosts in June-August. The Amazon and the northeast have very small seasonal variation between the warmest and the coldest months.

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Business Hours
Office hours: Mon-Fri, 9am-6pm.
Shopping centers: Mon-Sat, 10am-10pm and large shopping centers – Sun 10am-8pm.
Shops: Mon-Fri, 9am-7pm, Sat, 9am-1pm. 
Some shops in large cities open on Sunday.
Super markets: Mon-Fri, 8am-10pm. Some open on Sundays, some are open 24 hours.
Petrol stations: Petrol stations can operate 24 hours a day, but not all do so.
Banks-Currency-Credit Cards
Banking is advanced with high tech automation system, Internet enabled, reliable with strong fraud protection. Practically all Brazilian cities have at least one branch of a major bank. Largest branch networks:
Banco do Brasil
Bradesco
Itaú
Santander
Caixa Econômica Federal
Unibanco
HSBC
Nossa Caixa
Banrisul
Opening hours: Mon-Fri, in general 10 am – 4 pm.
All banks must be open from 12am to 3pm (Brasília time). ATMs can be found practically everywhere, especially in larger cities and tourist sites.
Credit/debit cards: Note that not all ATMs can be used for foreign cards – look out for a machine with card symbols on facia. Banco do Brasil branches have ATMs for foreign cards.

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Internet
Internet service is widely available in Brazil and usually quite good value for money. Hotels, shopping centers, cafes, and designated areas in large parks have Wi-Fi access.
Telephones
Public telephones can be easily found all over Brazil and do not take coins. You must buy a phone card.
Postal Service
The postal service – Correios – in Brazil is reliable and efficient. Post Offices are usually open from 8 am to 6 pm, Mon – Fri and Sat until midday. The express mail service in Brazil is known as SEDEX and operates from most of the main post offices.
Tipping
Nearly all hotels and restaurants add a 10% service charge to the bill, which must be clearly stated. Brazilians do not tip taxi drivers but often round the total up.
Public Holidays
1 January – New Year’s Day
4-9 March – Carnival (variable, on Ash Wednesday – holiday until midday)
22 April – Good Friday (variable)
21 April – Tiradentes Day
1 May – Labor Day
23 June – Corpus Christi (variable)
7 September – National Independence Day
12 October – Our Lady of Aparecida
1 November – All Saints Day
2 November – All Souls Day
25 December – Christmas
As well as the national public holidays listed above, states and cities also have their own separate holidays. For example, 20 January, is a holiday in the city of Rio de Janeiro, and 25 January and 9 July are holidays in the city of São Paulo.

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Brazil is waiting to welcome you with endless natural beauties and cultural traditions. It has earned the glory of most famous state among the South American countries. So, get enriched with Brazilian tourist information and make a successful tour at Brazil. 

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